Key findings demonstrate:
- The overall rate of opioid-related mortality increased by 242% between 1991 and 2010
- The annual YLL due to premature opioid related death increased 3-fold
- The proportion of deaths attributable to opioids increased significantly over time among all ages
- By 2010, nearly 1 of every 8 deaths among individuals aged 25 to 34 years was opioid-related
- The majority of opioid-related deaths occurred in men, involved a single opioid, and were deemed as accidental.
- The opioids most commonly involved in opioid-related deaths were morphine and or heroin (or the two combined), followed by oxycodone, methadone and codeine. Oxycodone was the opioid most commonly involved in overdose deaths involving a single opioid
- For overdose deaths where multiple opioids were involved, the most commonly involved opioids were codeine, morphine or heroin (or both)