Friday, August 22, 2008

Glossary of terms

This list is found in the back of my book.
Activities of Daily Living (ADL)--bathing, grooming, toileting, dressing, eating, and other activities necessary for daily living and survival
Agnosia--failure to recognize objects
Aphasia--a disturbance in receptive or expressive language
Apnea--temporary cessations in breathing; this is a sign of approaching death in palliative care patients
Apraxia--loss of understanding of the uses of things
Assistive device--a mechanical aid to make ADL easier
Benign brain tumour--a slow-growing tumour that does not tend to invade nearby cells
Biopsychosocial issues--interrelated biological, psychological, and sociological issues
Carcinogen--a substance that has been proven to cause cancer in living cells
Caregiver--one who provides care
Care recipient--one who receives care
Comorbidities--the effect of all disorders or diseases on an individual in addition to the primary health issue
Dementia--an acquired, persistent impairment in two or more cognitive areas of executive functions; profound mental incapacity
Delirium--• Disturbance of consciousness
• Disorientation, wandering attention, confusion, hallucinations
Dysphagia--choking and swallowing issues
Executive functions--planning, organizing, sequencing, and abstract thought
Frail--premorbid: at risk for biopsychosocial issues; inability to manage physical, social, and emotional needs (ADL)
Geriatric--of or relating to old age or old people
Independent Activities of Daily Living (IADL)--caring for pets and dependents; communicating with others effectively; managing finances and health; doing housework, meal preparation, and cleanup; looking after transportation and safety procedures
Infarct--a small, localized area of dead tissue caused by an inadequate blood supply; can result from blood clots or diabetes
Incontinence--inability to control evacuation of urine or feces
Long-term care (LTC) facility/home--a health care facility for those with physical disabilities that offers 24/7 nursing staff; formerly called a nursing home
Malignant brain tumour--a tumour that grows quickly and invades surrounding cells; these kinds of tumours are the least likely to be totally removed surgically, since they invade and damage important structures
Metastasize--when cancer cells break off from the original site and spread to other parts of the body to cause malignancy there
Morbidity--the quality of disease; the extent of illness, injury, or disability in a defined population
Nurse practitioner--a nurse who meets primary health care needs, conducts physical examinations, selects treatment plans, and identifies medication requirements
Nursing home--now called a long-term care home; differs from a retirement home
Orphan patient--a person without a family physician
Palliative care--giving care at the last stages of life
Polypharmacy--taking too many pharmaceuticals/prescription drugs
Premorbidities--factors that may lead to death
Primary care--basic or general health care from the medical system
Registered nurse (RN)--a nurse who is licensed to practise and is a registered member of a nurses’ association
Registered practical nurse (RPN)--a person who is registered by a professional association of nurses as having been trained to perform basic nursing tasks under the direction of a physician or an RN.
Respite care--temporary institutional or home care of a dependent ill or handicapped person to give respite to the usual caregiver
Retirement home--a private residence for seniors (profit or non-profit); governed by the Landlord Tenant Act
Sleep apnea--intermittent failure to breathe during sleep
Subcortical issues--issues such as plaque and damaged brain cells; physical evidence manifests as dementia
Supportive living--also called assisted living, in which supports are on call 24/7

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