Friday, August 22, 2008

Glossary of terms

Activities of Daily Living (ADL)--bathing, grooming, toileting, dressing, eating, necessary for daily living and survival

Comorbidities--the effect of all disorders or diseases on an individual in addition to the primary health issue

Dementia--an acquired, persistent impairment in two or more cognitive areas of executive functions; profound mental incapacity

Delirium--a disturbance of consciousness, or disorientation, wandering attention, confusion, hallucinations

Executive functions--planning, organizing, sequencing, and abstract thought

Frail--premorbid: at risk for biopsychosocial issues; inability to manage physical, social, and emotional needs (ADL)

Independent Activities of Daily Living (IADL)--caring for pets and dependents; communicating with others effectively; managing finances and health; doing housework, meal preparation, and clean-up; looking after transportation and safety procedures

Long-term care (LTC) facility/home--a health care facility for those with physical disabilities that offers 24/7 nursing staff; formerly called a nursing home

Polypharmacy--taking too many pharmaceuticals/prescription drugs

Respite care--temporary care of a dependent ill or handicapped person to give respite to the usual caregiver

Retirement home--a private residence for seniors (profit or non-profit); governed by the Landlord Tenant Act

Supportive living--also assisted living, in which supports are on call 24/7
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A more complete glossary, relating to seniors, aging, cancer and brain tumours, is found in my book. Order yours now: GSPH order Living & Dying With Digity

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